"Indigenous" Planning enterprises that are both controlled by indigenous people and which feature an indigenous planning model.
- [Spokane Indian] Architecture is an extension of a person or a group of people and reveals culture because it is shaped by it. Like an extra skin or set of clothing [dance regalia], it reveals and displays, as well as hides and protects the owner. To construct a building is to construct an identity of individuals and groups. The house is a projection of the self. The house not only informs outsiders about the inhabitants inside, it informs and constrains activities and ideas within. Structures act as symbols of social groups, inscribing boundaries and hierarchies, and give all these things an aura of naturalness" (Carsten & Jones 1995, p. 2)